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Fiber Laser Marking

On this page, we explain marking examples and characteristics of fiber laser markers, which are perfect for applications such as black-annealed marking and deep engraving into metal. The differences between fiber laser markers and YVO4 are also explained.


Fiber laser markers have a wavelength of 1090 nm, which is within the standard wavelength range, and are capable of marking a wide range of materials, including metals and resins. Their high power is particular suited for black-annealed marking and deep engraving on metal. On the other hand, fiber laser markers cannot be used to mark transparent objects like glass as the light passes through them.

Light wavelength distribution map
Ultraviolet range
Visible range
Infrared range
  • Engraving (painting after marking)
    Engraving (painting after marking)
    (Vehicle body frame)
  • Black-annealed marking
    Black-annealed marking
  • High-speed 2D code marking
    High-speed 2D code marking
    (Engine block)
  • Etching
    (Key cylinder)
  • Laser cutting
    Laser cutting
    (Aluminum board)
  • Burr removal (frame IC)
    Burr removal (frame IC)
    (Left: Before processing,
    Right: Burr removed)

Mechanism and Characteristics of Fiber Lasers

Fiber lasers are high-output lasers developed from long-distance communication relay amplification technology for optical fibers. The laser beam is efficiently amplified by traveling through the optical fiber, which makes it possible to produce a high-output laser.

Mechanism and Characteristics of Fiber Lasers
Excitation light
Outer cladding
Core (Yb-doped)
Inner cladding
Master oscillator
LD (single emitter)
Marking head

Feature: High-power laser engraving

Compared with conventional laser markers, high-output lasers can perform deeper engraving with the same marking time and faster engraving with the same depth. Fiber laser marking is the solution to shorter marking time and deeper engraving needs.

Feature: High-power laser engraving

* These are representative values. Values may vary depending on workpiece and marking conditions.

Differences With YVO4 Laser

Differences With YVO4 Laser
YVO4 laser
Pulse width ≒ 5 ns
Fiber laser
Pulse width > 120 ns

While fiber laser markers operate in the same standard wavelength range as YVO4 laser markers, there are significant differences in the way the beam is generated as well as their benefits.
While fiber lasers are produced by optical fiber that amplifies the laser beam, YVO4 lasers are solid-state lasers generated using crystals as the amplification medium for the laser beam. The difference between the two is in their peak power and pulse width.*
Fiber lasers are excellent for deep engraving, and high-power marking on metal at low peak and long pulse. On the other hand, YVO4 is suitable for high-contrast, low heat-damage marking at high peak and short pulse.

* Peak power: Maximum value of instantaneous output per pulse of laser beam
Pulse width: Time during which a pulse of laser beam is emitted

  YVO4 laser Fiber laser
Nickel-plated marking Nickel-plated marking by YVO4 laser Nickel-plated marking by fiber laser
SUS engraving Depth: 1 μmDepth: 1 μm Depth: 8 μmDepth: 8 μm
Hybrid laser marker
Hybrid laser marker
High-quality marking (more focus on peak power)
Faster marking (more focus on output)

The MD-X Series has the advantages of conventional YVO4 laser markers and fiber laser markers (compared to conventional models).

KEYENCE offers a product lineup including hybrid laser markers that integrate YVO4 laser and fiber laser technologies.
The laser oscillator emables optimal marking on a variety of materials, from low-damage marking on resin to deep engraving on metals.
Hybrid laser markers are KEYENCE’s exclusive technology born from its continuous development of solid-state and fiber lasers.

Product Introduction

Best-in-class output 3-Axis Fiber Laser Marker MD-F Series

Best-in-class output3-Axis Fiber Laser MarkerMD-F Series

50 W/30 W high power
High-powered lasers enable large reductions in processing time, deep engraving on metal, and high-speed processing.
Scanner control for each application
The laser scanning is optimized to match the application. This enables reductions in processing time and improved quality.
Environmentally resistant, fan-less head
This product has a compact and rugged construction (enclosure rating: IP64) that means it can be used in any installation environment.

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Automatic position and focus correction 3-Axis Hybrid Laser Marker MD-X Series

Automatic position and focus correction3-Axis Hybrid Laser MarkerMD-X Series

Built-in vision
Mark the same location on any part, anywhere.
The MD-X series contains a camera inside the laser marking head which can automatically identify a target’s shape. The laser marker can then adjust for X, Y and theta offsets to ensure the marking position is always correct.
The marking system is even able to distinguish between parts and mark each part accordingly.
Autofocus anywhere
Mark in-focus on any part, anywhere.
The MD-X laser marker comes standard-equipped with a built-in distance sensor that enables automatic focal corrections. Eliminate manual height adjustments due to part variations in a few simple steps.
Data-driven analytics
Automatic fault protection and monitoring from anywhere.
The new MD-X uses predictive maintenance to eliminate problems before they occur. In the unlikely event of a marking defect, the laser marker features a wide range of diagnostic tools to identify the root cause and deploy countermeasures.

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