3D Imaging

3D Display Function

When observing the surface of an object with a microscope, it can be very difficult to determine the shape or topography of the surface since only a small area can be in focus at one time. This is especially true when capturing a photo with a camera.

Some digital microscopes have the ability to scan an entire surface and capture each different area that comes into focus, combining them into one fully-focused image. The relative height data from each focal plane can then be used to reconstruct the surface into a 3D image that users can freely manipulate, making it easy to understand the true shape of the surface.

2D display
3D display

How to change the 3D display

A 3D image can be created and viewed from any angle

3D images are displayed and controlled via mouse.
Enlargement
Drag downward while pressing the scroll wheel of the mouse.
Rotation
Drag while pressing the left button of the mouse.
Reduction
Drag upward while pressing the scroll wheel of the mouse.
Move
Drag while pressing the right button of the mouse.

High-Accuracy 3D Images with the Accurate D.F.D. Method

D.F.D. stands for Depth from Defocus. The D.F.D. method calculates three-dimensional depth information based on the amount of defocusing of two-dimensional images. When the lens is shifted vertically towards the target to capture images at different heights, the focus level of an individual point changes gradually.
When a position on the target is higher, in a topographical sense, that part of the image will come into focus sooner (when moving the lens downward toward the part).When a position on the target is lower, that part of the image will come into focus as the lens is moved closer to the target.
By calculating the height position of the lens when each point in the image comes into focus, a 3D image can be created.
Even if perfect focus is unable to be obtained for some areas, the D.F.D. algorithm is still capable of calculating the height location of those pixels and obtaining detailed texture information.

Each of the in focus layers are compiled to provide a 3D image
Conventional 3D image
Accurate D.F.D.

Creating 3D Images of Highly-Reflective Objects

Metal and mirrored surfaces have hindered 3D image creation in the past due to their high level of reflectivity.
Areas with glare can’t provide the level of color contrast information that would help distinguish between an in-focus or out-of-focus pixel.
Now, by combining glare removal functions and 3D image compilation technologies, it is possible to construct an accurate 3D profile even on targets with extremely reflective surfaces.

Conventional image
Deciphering contrast in a white glare spot makes acquiring height information impossible.
Image with glare-removal and
Quick 3D display processing
By removing the glare spots with the glare-removal technology, we are able to gather color contrast and height information for each pixel, resulting in the compilation of a highly-accurate 3D structure.

Real-Time 3D Measurement

A 3D image contains data in XY and Z axes, providing for measurements such as volume, distance, plane angle, and profile.
These are typically impossible to perform with conventional optical microscopes.

Displaying Height Data

A height-color map allows users to examine the entire structure of an object at a glance.
The 3D image is rendered into a color scale, which maps higher elevations in red and lower elevations in blue.
The color-scaled image can then be displayed on top of the raw image, creating an enhanced topographical view.
To facilitate measurement, a scale for the X, Y, and Z axes can be automatically calculated and displayed according to the image size and rotational position of the 3D image.

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