Measurement System Types and Characteristics

Laser Tracker

What is Laser Tracker?

A laser tracker is a measuring device that projects a laser beam onto an optical target that is in contact with an object to be measured, and determines the three-dimensional position of the target. The optical targets known as “retroreflective” because they reflect the laser beam back to its emitted origin point – typically known as a spherically mounted retroreflector (SMR). Dimension values, angles, geometrical tolerances, etc. are determined by software that calculates the 3D coordinates of the retroreflector.

Understanding a Laser Tracker

Laser trackers are characterized by the ability to measure large objects. Laser trackers generally have a measuring range of more than 10 m (30 ft), whereas a standard arm-type CMM has a maximum measuring range of a couple meters. It is useful in situations where you want to measure large objects such as large measurement objects such as airplanes, parts of large equipment, and parts produced by double-column, 5-face milling machines.

Laser Tracker Components

Control PC
Emitter / Receiver
Retroreflector (SMR)

The components that make up a laser tracker are generally divided into four parts.
A PC to run laser tracker operation software, a camera body that integrates a light emitting unit and a light receiving unit, a tripod that supports it, a retroreflector (SMR) that contacts the object to be measured.

Principle of a Laser Tracker

The laser tracker calculates the center coordinates of the retroreflector (SMR) from the distance and angle information from the horizontal and vertical two-axis rotary encoders. The laser tracker body follows the laser light by rotating in the horizontal and vertical directions.

The retroreflector (SMR) has a mirror surface inside, and no matter which angle the laser light is received, it returns the light in the direction in which it came. The retroreflector (SMR) is in the shape of a true sphere, and the light is always reflected from its center so that the center coordinates of the sphere of the reflector itself can be obtained.

Laser Tracker Benefits

The advantage of the laser tracker is that it can measure large objects in three dimensions. An arm-type CMM has a limited measuring range, and when using a hand tool such as a caliper or a tape measure, three-dimensional measurements and accuracy can be difficult to achieve. Laser trackers are used in such situations.

Measurement by Laser Tracker


X,Y,Z Coordinate of the holes

Measured with KEYENCE WM Series


Distance between 2 lines, Distance between 2 holes

Measured with KEYENCE WM Series

Virtual Figures

Distance between intersection line and a hole, Distance between intersection and a hole

Measured with KEYENCE WM Series


Flatness of a plane, Roundness of holes, Parallelism of 2 lines, Perpendicularity of 2 lines

Measured with KEYENCE WM Series

Why choose KEYENCE?

KEYENCE's WM Series is a completely new measuring instrument that overcomes the obstacles of conventional laser trackers in terms of usability, cost and portability.
The portable system allows for immediate measurement with a handheld probe equipped with a touch panel designed for ease-of-use and accuracy over a wide area. Learn more about this next-generation laser tracker.

Laser Tracker Product Lineup